Past Presentations of the

Titles marked with a P* are available in the Proceedings volume for the year of presentation.  Contact Jenny Benjamin, at the Museum of Vision ( for further information.

Papers noted as being “Published as…” may not be identical to the Cogan Society presentation or the content in the Proceedings volumes.


Afshari, Natalie

2006 Forefathers of Contemporary Refractive Surgery

Albert, Daniel M.                                                

1988 Will the First American Ophthalmologist Please Stand Up

1989 John Jeffries’ Lectures in Ophthalmology

1990 Hippocrates on Ophthalmology

1991 Newton, Voltaire, and God

1992 The Discovery of the Ophthalmoscope (Snyder lecture)

1993 Peter deGravers: Oculist to Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

1994 Cogan and Verhoeff: A Friendship of Genius

1999 A Brief History of Medical Ethics for the Ophthalmologist

2002 Rembrandt’s “The Eye Operation”

2005 Little Lord Fauntleroy’s Father: Swan Moses Burnett P*. Published as: Albert DM, Atzen, SL. Swan M. Burnett, MD, PhD: The Forgotten Father of Little Lord Fauntleroy. Arch Ophthalmic 2009; 127:1664-71. PMID 20008723

2009 From a Country Doctor’s Casebooks: Treatment of Eye Disease in Rural Wisconsin, 1841-1852

2012 Hjalmar August Schiotz: His Life and Recently Rediscovered Ophthalmoscope

2017 Burton Chance:  An Ophthalmic Historian and Witness to 19th and 20th Century


Alon, Susan

1990 For the Concupiscence of Eyes

Alper, Melvin (deceased)

1991 Sir Godfrey Hounsfield and the C.T. Scanner

1993 The Early History of Dysthyroid Ophthalmopathy (Graves, Perry, and Von Basedow)

1994 History of Orbital Decompression for Graves’ Ophthalmopathy

1995 Ophthalmologists and the American College of Surgeons

1997 Was Matthew Brady Blind?

1998 Three Pioneers in the Early History of Neuro-Radiology (Snyder lecture)

2002 Reminiscences of My Three Professors: Cogan, Adler, and Scheie

Amalric, Pierre (deceased, 1999)

1996 Medical Problems Depicted by Toulouse Lautrec

1998 The Two Galezowski’s, Father and Son: An Ophthalmologic Tradition
                  (read by J.G. Ravin)

Apple, David J. (deceased)

2002 A Tour Through Sir Harold Ridley’s Attic: Some Revisions of Ophthalmic History

2005 Spitfires and Hurricanes

2006 Sir Harold Ridley’s Almost-Forgotten Protégée

2007 Ocular pathology as a Freestanding Subspecialty: Rise and Fall

2008 History of the International Intraocular Lens Club (IIC)

2010 Professor Soemmerring and His Magic Ring 

Jennifer Arch

2018 Eyesight, Vision, Love, and War in Three Medieval and Early Modern Literary Works P*

Asbury, Taylor

1998 The History of Ophthalmology in Cincinnati (1827-1940) 

Bacal, Darron A

2006 Harry S. Truman - The Influence of Hyperopia and Spectacles on the Making of a President

2008 The Eye Injury That Changed Western Civilization

Bartley, George

1994 The Blindness of John Milton

1996 Ophthalmic Eponyms from the Mayo Clinic

1998 Four Eyes on the Diamond: The First Bespectacled Players in Professional Baseball

Baum, Jules

1999 Helena Fedukowicz: Pioneer Educator in Ocular Bacteriology

Bermudez, D.

  2018 The Monocular Duke of Urbino (with Stephen G. Schwartz, Pamela S. Chavis, F. Khan, and

    Christopher T. Leffler ) P*

Bisno, David

1994 President Hopkin’s Dilemma: The Dartmouth Eye Institute

2002 Edwardian Snowblindness: Ophthalmic Travails in the Arctic and Antarctic

2003 The Genius of Edmond Halley and the Transit of Venus

2005 Now You See it, Now You Don’t P*

2007 Ophthalmology in Fin-de-Sièle Vienna

2009 The Evolutionist, Three Ophthalmologists, and the Prime Minister

2014  Ties That Bind:  Ophthalmic History and Classical Music, Featuring “The Eye Glasses Duet”

Blanchard, Donald

1992 Bartisch’s Herbal Remedies

1993 Jaeger, About Glaucoma

1994 Pope John XXI, Ophthalmologist

1995 From Ebers to Jackson

1996 Voghtherr’s Büchlin

1999 George Handel and His Blindness

2000 Bartisch on Theriac

2004 Robert Louis Stevenson: Optical Engineer

2007 The Ophthalmology of Hieronymus Brunschwig (Snyder Lecture)

2012 Emily Dickinson’s Consultation with Henry Willard Williams, MD

2013 W.F. Mittendorf and His Dot

2016 Henry Gray's (Eye) Anatomy

2017 Henry Gray's (Retinal) Anatomy The First 50 Years (1858-1908)

Blodi, Barbara

1997 Karl Safar of Vienna: Pioneering Retinal Surgeon

2015  Life's Lessons Learned: Frederick Blodi, M.D. at the Columbia University Harkness Eye

    Institute (with Christopher Blodi)

Blodi, Christopher F.

2010 The Missing Link: Paul Sullivan, MD and the History of Intraocular SF6

2011 Arlt Orders His Ophthalmoscope: A Study in Provenance

2012 Paul A. Cibis. Pioneer of Modern Vitreo-retinal Surgery. Part 2, Contributions to Vitreous


2014 David Kasner, MD, and the Road to Pars Plana Vitrectomy

2015 Life's Lessons Learned: Frederick Blodi,M.D. at Columbia University Harkness Eye Institute (with Barbara Blodi)

2017 Adolf Hitler's Vitreous Hemorrhages...and Other Visual Disorders

2018 "Power to the Blind": The Kenneth Jernigan Story P*

Blodi, Frederick (deceased)

1988 Blindness in Mythology and Religion

1990 Ophthalmologists Suffering from Glaucoma

1991 Some Famous Persons with Visual Problems (Snyder lecture)

Bogdan, A.J.

2005 L. Webster Fox

Bohigian, George M.

1997 The Concept of the Evil Eye and Its Influence on Ophthalmology, Medicine, and Social Behavior

2000 Albert Einstein: His Life and Contributions to the Development of Lasers

2003 Symbols Deciphered

2005 Honey: The Pharaoh’s Magic Eye Potion P*

2006 Standardization of Visual Acuity Testing in Antiquity (Before Donders, Jaeger and Snellen)

2007 “He Sees Alcor, but not the Full Moon”: The Arabian Eye Test Using Stars

2008 Ophthalmic History-New Techniques for Looking at the Past

2009 Bernard Becker “In His Own Words”-Part I “The Formative Years”

2010 Bernard Becker “In His Own Words” Part II – “The Academic Years”

2012 To Trick the Eye: A Short History of a Famous Magical Optical Illusion: The Sphinx Head

2013 The Inaugural Meeting of the Cogan Ophthalmic History Society in 1988

2014 Our Ophthalmic Heritage: Superstitions, Symbols, and Magic (Snyder lecture)

2015 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: It's Discovery and Clinical Description

2016 History and Folklore of Plant-Based Ophthalmic Medications

2017 Francis I. Proctor MD:  His Life and His Legacy. Published as: Francis I. Proctor, MD and his

Wife Elizabeth C. Proctor: Their Lives and Legacy. With R.M. Feibel. Journal of Medical Biography

2018; DOI: 10.1177/0967772017727478 PMID 29372652

2018 The Eye in Motion Pictures:  An Illustrated History P*

Biousse, Valerie

2005 Homonymous Hemianopsia: The Localizing Value of Incongruity (with Steven A. Newman) P*

Brander, Elisabeth

2016 Historical Aspects of the Bernard Becker Collection in Ophthalmology and Optics

Brown, Harry S.

2014 Founding of Surgical Eye Expeditions{SEE) International

Bullock, John D.

1990 St. Paul was Struck by Lightning

1992 Blindness in Literature: A Theme Spanning Three Millennia

1993 Rene Blondlot and His Vision Enhancing Rays (with Shane T. Russell)

1996 Was Dom Perignon Really Blind? (with Jennifer Wang and Gretchen H. Bullock)

1998 Mr. H.B. Stallard and “Chariots of Fire”

2000 The Blind Leading the Blind: The Story of Louis Braille

2006 Ophthalmology and the History of Penicillin: A Tale of Three Cities

2007 The Renu® Related Fusarium Keratitis Outbreak of 2005-2006: What Would the Reverend

    Henry  Whitehead and Doctor John Snow Have Done?

2009 Why Was Carlota Valdivia Blind?

2015 Ophthalmology and the Nobel Prize

2018 Sir William Osler -- A Wannabe Ophthalmologist

 Cameron, J. Douglas

 2012 The Final Days of the Armed Services of Pathology (AFIP)

Caruso, Rafael

1991 Astronomy and Ophthalmology: Kepler et al.

1993 Trichromatism or Color Opponent Mechanisms? A Nineteenth Century Controversy

Chan, Chi-Chao

2008 Eugene Chan: Pioneer of Modern Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences in China

2009 Couching for Cataract in China

2010 The First Western-Style Hospital in China (1835 – Present)

2012 Ten Chairmen of the Ophthalmology Department at Peking Union Medical College (PUMC)

2015 Tianrong Miao and the First School of Ophthalmology and Optometry in China

2017 Dr. Lien-Teh Wu and People's Hospital, the First Western Hospital Built by Chinese

   Government (with Xiaoguang Cao, and Chunying Li)

Chavis, Pamela S.

2008 A View of the History of Ophthalmology in Saudi Arabia, 1983-2008

2009 Tuberculosis and Uveitis in the Life of Stonewall Jackson

2010 Stonewall Jackson, Uveitis and Tuberculosis

2011 Traditional Cosmetic and Medicinal Use of Kohl and Henna:  Their Efficacy v. Side Effects

2016 Symbolism of the Eye in the Ancient World (with James Farmer, Ph.D.)

2018 The Monocular Duke of Urbino (with Stephen G. Schwartz, Christopher T. Leffler, F. Khan and

     D. Bermudez) P*

Chelnick, Judy

1989 Not Just a Pretty Face: Collecting and Exhibiting at the Smithsonian Institution

Chu, Fred

1988 Harvey Howard

1990 Edmund Cowdry - A Friend of Harvey Howard

Cibis, Gerhard

  Heinrich Harms 1908-2003

Cogan, David (deceased)

1988 Dr. Roentgen, The Williams Brothers, and Private John Gretzer

1989 H. Muller and His Fibers

1990 John Taylor, M.D. (with Comments on Bach and Handel)

1991 Who is Mr. Rumbold

1992 Some Music Makers and Ophthalmology

1993 Edward Reynolds: Fame without Significant Publications

1994 Life Events and Visual Symptoms of Adolph Hitler

Colenbrander, August

2001 Visual Acuity Measurement in a Historical Perspective

Collins, Louise

2017 The Lucien Howe Library of Ophthalmology Collection

Cronenwett, Susan

1988 Oral Histories: Bringing Life to a Museum Collection

1989 Ophthalmology: A Single Strand in the Fabric of History

Currie, Benjamin D.

 2013 Early American Strabismus Surgery: 1840-1846. Part 2

Davis, Audrey

1988 The Ophthalmological Collections of the National Museum of American History

de Jong, Prof. Dr. Paulus T. V.

2015 The Earliest Clinical and Histopathological Descriptions of the Aging Macular

        Disorder (AMD)

Dohlman, Claes

1999 Pellier de Quengsy and His Keratoprosthesis

Drews, Robert

2004 Green Cataract

2006 The Debt of the AOS to the Heidelberg Ophthalmological Society: Historical Speculation

2007 IVY and the Early History of Ophthalmic EMR

2010 A History of the First 50 Years of the Department of Ophthalmology at Saint Louis University,

    1903-1953. (Including Selected Highlights from the Nineteenth Century)

2011 The St. Louis Society for the Blind and Visually Impaired: 100 Years of Help

Eliasoph, Ira

1998 Emil Gruening

1999 Charles H. May

2000 Minsky: A Model Ophthalmologist

2001 Irving H. Leopold

2002 Ophthalmology at Mt. Sinai Hospital: A Brief History

2003 Unheralded and Prophetic Percy Fridenberg

2005 The Man Behind the Forceps — N. Bishop Harman and a Controversial Ophthalmologist P*

2007 Silas Weir Mitchell and Ophthalmology

2008 Kritzer, Kestenbaum, and Koller, Something About Each

2009 Emanuel Krimsky (1898-1992), A Prism, and a Full Spectrum Life

2010  Apologia Pro Vita Ophthalmologica; Ophthalmology and Observation: A Life” (Snyder lecture)

2011 Charles H. Beard, his encyclopedic surgical text and Chicago Life and Ophthalmology

2012 Western Ophthalmologists and the PUMC (Peking Union Medical College) Connection

2013 Part 1: 1891 Thoughts on Cataract Surgery. Part 2: Father and Son Minsky

2014 (1) Charles J. Snyder (1914-1996): Ex Libris Lux; (2) The Illuminator 

2015 Not To Be Forgotten - Thomas Hall Shastid, M.D. (1866 - 1947)

2017 Alvin Allace Hubbell (1846-1911) Our Predecessor in History

2018  Vision Doctors' Vision (An Illustrated Narrative or Graphic Tale) P*

Enoch, Jay M.

1997 Early Lenses Found with Objects Viewed Through Them

1999 Fine Lenses from the Old Kingdom of Egypt (ca. 4500 Years Ago!): Unique Optical Properties

    and Issues Relating to These Lenses

2000 The Future of Ophthalmoscopy: An Example, Adaptive Optics to Provide Micro-


2001 Ancient Lenses and Visual Illusion Measured at the Louvre, Paris. I. Reserve eye

2002 Ancient Egyptian Lenses at the Louvre: II The Statue of “Le Scribe Accroupi”

2003 Use of Concave Mirrors as Visual Corrections and Magnifying Devices Preceded Spectacle


2004 History of Mirrors Dating Back ca. 8000 Years Before the Present (BP)

2005 Filling in Some of the Gaps: The World’s Oldest Mirrors II P*

2006 The New Discovery of a Rare Ancient Egyptian Lens

2007 Hans Goldmann’s Golden Years in St. Louis: Daily Research Bench Rounds with the Master

2008 The First Known Artificial Eye Unearthed at “The Burnt City” in Iran

2009 “A Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age!) Spanish Artificial Eye” Please Realize This Technology is

    About 7000 Years Old!

2010 “A Search for the Earliest Representation(s) of Light-Rays.”

2011 “Testifying Before the U.S. Congress in Behalf of the National Eye Institute, N.I.H., during the

    Early Years of Its Existence.”

2012 William Cain Ruffin, MD (and Some History of the Ruffin Family as It Pertains to the American

    Civil War)

Enzenauer, Robert W.

2014 E.C. Ellett, MD – Physician, Citizen, and Soldier

2015 Eye Surgeons Who Became Generals and Admirals

Feibel, Robert M.

2009 Simon Pollak, M.D.

2010 Fred Loe, MD. Published as: Fred Loe, MD, and the History of Trachoma. Archives of Ophthalmology 2011; 129:503-8. DOI: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.64 PMID 21482877

2011 An Ophthalmologist Afield:  Vincent (Censu) Tabone, A President of Malta. Published as: Vincent (Censu) Tabone, an Ophthalmologist and a President of the Republic of Malta. Archives of Ophthalmology 2012; 130:373-7. DOI: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.291 PMID 22411666

2012 Paul A. Cibis, Pioneer of Modern Vitreo-retinal Surgery, Part I, Biography. Published as: Paul A. Cibis, MD: A Pioneer of Modern Vitreoretinal Surgery. With C.F. Blodi. JAMA Ophthalmology 2013; 131-1077-82. PMID 23680812

2013 Early American Strabismus Surgery: 1840-1846. Part I. Published as: Early American Strabismus Surgery. With B.D. Currie. Strabismus 2015; 23:182-90. DOI: 10.3109/09273972.2015.1099709. PMID 26669424

2014 Herbert Herbert: His Corneal Pits and Scleral Slits. Published as: Herbert Herbert: His Corneal Pits and Scleral Slits. Ophthalmology 2014; 121:1142-8. PMID 24424250

2015 Sympathectomy for Glaucoma: Its Rise and Fall (1898 - 1910). Published as: Sympathectomy for Glaucoma: Its Rise and Fall (1898-1910). Survey of Ophthalmology 2015; 60:500-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2015.02.003. PMID 25907524

2016 James Moores Ball: St. Louis Ophthalmologist, Medical Historian, and Bibliophile. Published as: James Moores Ball: Ophthalmologist, Medical Historian, Bibliophile. Journal of Medical Biography 2016; 24:301-8. Doi: 10.1177/0967772016633340. PMID 27316691

2017 Mortimer Frank, Johann Ludwig Choulant, and the History of Anatomical Illustration. Published as: Feibel RM. Mortimer Frank, Johann Ludwig Choulant, and the History of Anatomical Illustration. Journal of Medical Biography 2018; DOI: 10.1177/0967772017708648 PMID 29372653

2018 Cuban Epidemic Optic Neuropathy (1991-1993) and José Saramago's Novel Blindness (1995) (Snyder Lecture).  Published as:  Feibel RM, Arch J.  Cuban epidemic optic neuropathy (1991-1993) and José Saramago's novel Blindness (1995).  American Journal of Ophthalmology 2018; doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2018.06.006. 29906432 P*  PMID 29906432

2018 Quicklime as an Ocular Chemical Weapon: Examples in Ancient and Medieval Warfare (with  Richard Schroeder) P*

Ferry, Andrew (deceased, 2018)

1988 The Blow Family of Virginia, Their Slave “Sam,” and Dr. T. L. Stephens’ Chemical Eye Salve

1989 Dr. William O Coffee and His Absorption Cure for Cataract

1990 Optical/Ophthalmological/Optometric Advertising Covers

1991 The New York Ophthalmological Society

1992 Ophthalmology and Vanity Fair

1993  Dr. Isaac Thompson and His Celebrated Eye Water (Snyder lecture)

1994 Dr. James Bolton of Richmond: A Pioneer in Strabismus Surgery

1995 Professor Charles Tyrrell and His Ideal Sight Restorer

1996 “Professor” William C. Wilson and his Actina Pocket Battery for Curing Ocular Diseases

1997 The 100th Anniversary of the Murine Eye Remedy Co.

1998 Carl Koller and the Introduction of Local Anesthesia

2000 “Dr.” John R. Dickey’s Old Reliable Eye Water, and Baird Advertising Clocks

2002 The Badianus Manuscript

2004 Dr. Ball and his Patent Eye Cups: an Early Proponent of Reshaping the Cornea for Correction of


2011 Depictions of Ophthalmologists on Postage Stamps

Festa, Susan

1990 In Retrospect: Presidential Addresses During the Early Years in AAOO

Finger, Stanley

2003 Benjamin Franklin and the Treatment of Stroke

Fishman, Gerald A.

1994 Alex E. Krill: Life and Final Days

1995 Anne Sullivan: Her Life and Blindness

1996 Friedrich Best: More than Just the Macula

1998 Jan Evangelista Purkyne (Purkinje), Czech Scientist and Patriot

2002 When your Eyes Are a Wet Nose: The Evolution of the Use of Guide Dogs

2005 Edgar Derry Tillyer: The Man and His Career P*

2008 John Dalton: Though in Error, He Still Impacted Upon our Understanding of Color Deficiencies

2010 Historical Evolution in Our Understanding of Stargardt Macular Dystrophy

2012 An Historical Perspective for the Early Treatment of Night Blindness and the Use of Dubious

    and Unproven Treatment Strategies for Patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa (Snyder Lecture)

2015 James Elzar Lebensohn: A Universal Man Worthy of Being Remembered 

2017 The Life and Times of Jan Evangelista Purkinje: Scientist and Czech Patriot (with Marlene


Fishman, Ronald S.

1988 Descartes, Retinal Projection and the Soul

1989 A Smoother Pebble, A Prettier Shell: Isaac Newton and the Chiasm

1990 A Surgeon without Hesitation and without Conscience

1991 A Leap of the Imagination: Leonardo and Kepler

1992 Astride the World as a Colossus: Galen on Vision

1993 The Lunatic Asylum Experiments: David Ferrier and the Cerebral Cortex

1994 Brain Wars: Conflict and Passion in the Localization of Vision in the Cortex

1995 Retina as Rosetta Stone: Ramon y Cajal and the Neuron Doctrine

1996 Gordon Holmes, the Cortical Retina and the Wounds of War (Snyder Lecture)

1997 Man’s Place in Nature and the Great Hippopotamus Debate

1998 Darwin Vindicated: the Pax-6 Gene and Evolution of the Eye

1999 Perish, then Publish: Thomas Harriot, “A briefe and true report of the new found land of

    Virginia” and the Moons of Jupiter

2000 Innovation and its Discontents

2001 How George Washington’s Spectacles Saved the Republic

2002 Thus Saw Zarathustra: The Eyes and Brain of Friedrich Nietzsche

2003 Doing History: The Cogan Society after 15 years

2004 Two Early Cases of Cortical Blindness

2005 The Rise and Fall of Coal Miners’ Nystagmus P*

2006 Lincoln’s Craniofacial Microsomia

2007 Oxygen, Prematurity, Blindness: The Early Years

2008 Martha, Sigmund, and Karl: A Love Story

2009 Cycopia I: Congenital Malformations from Homer to the Enlightenment

2010 The Vulcan Eyebrow Sign in Abraham Lincoln and His Family: A Sign of Unilateral Coronal


2011 Jakob Henle and the Germ Theory of Disease

2012 Joseph Priestley’s Book on Optics

2013 Disease on the Oregon Trail

2014 Evolutionary Medicine

2015 The Slow Adoption of Surgical Gloves

2016 Obsolescence

2017 Koller's Introduction of Local Anesthesia and Its Aftermath

2018 Evolution of Contralaterality in the Vertebrate Brain, Or, Why Do We Have an Optic Chiasm? (Special Recognition lecture) P*

Fitzgibbon, Edmond

2012 Keeping Things in Focus: A Brief History of Objective Refraction

Flom, Leonard

2016 The Role of the Iris biometric in the Pairing of Mothers to Newborns and for Infants for Lifetime


Flynn, John

1991 The Founding of Orthoptics: American and European Experience

1993 July 23, 1946 - A Day That Will Live in Infamy (with Reva Hurtes)

1995 Edward W.D. Norton: An Ophthalmologist for All Seasons, Part I (with Reva Hurtes)

1997 Ophthalmic Practice Patterns in the American Century II

1999 Werner Ernst Reichardt, Ph.D.: The Founder of Modern Computational Visual Neuro-

    Physiology and Anti-Nazi Resistance Fighter

Forbes, Max

2002 Edward S. Harkness

Foster, C. Stephen

2017 History of Uveitis Therapy

Franceschetti, Albert

2012 The First Female Medical Students

2013 Hermann Burian MD, the Gentleman of Amblyopia

2015 Professor A. Franceschetti (1896 - 1968) - A Tribute to My Father

2017 Charles-Michel Billard (1800-1832): An Unknown Great Figure of the XIXth Century

2018 Charles Bonnet and His Syndrome P*

Frayer, William

1990 The Origins and Evolution of the Lancaster Course in Ophthalmology

1992 George Edmund deSchweinitz, M.D.

1994 William Fisher Norris

1995 S. Weir Mitchell: An Early Neuro-Ophthalmologist

1997 The College of Physicians of Philadelphia

2000 Dr. Rush’s Eye Water and the Opening of the American West

2003 Fish Stories and Clinical Trials

Fritch, Charles

1989 Ocular Laser Surgery — The Contributions of Dr. H.C. Zweng

1990 Irving Leopold: The Man and His Magic

1992 Eugen von Hippel

1993 History of Kaiser-Permanente

1996 William Ming: San Joaquin Valley Pioneer Ophthalmologist

2017 Stanley M. Truhlsen, MD: Life and Career

Galst, Jay M.

1997 Ophthalmology in Nummis

1998 The Eye in Nummis

2000 Medallic Remembrances of Von Helmholtz

2001 Dr. Albert von Pflugk: His Pioneering Work on Spectacle Coins and Medals. I.

2002 Dr. Alfred von Pflugk: Coins, Tokens and Medals Depicting Spectacles. Part II

2004 David Rittenhouse: George Washington’s Optician. The First United States Mint Director

2005 The Gonin Medal—The Nobel Price of Ophthalmology P*

2008 The Charles Coutela Medal-Paul Richer’s Last Medallic Artwork

2012 The Blinding of King Zaleukos of Lokri on a 16th Century German Medal

2015 Focusing on the Details: Ophthalmologists and Numismatists (Snyder Lecture)

2017 Otto Wichterle, Father of the Soft Contact Lens

Gasch, Alice T. (Wendy)

2010 Ophthalmic Abnormalities Manifested by the Gargoyles of Washington National Cathedral

2011 William Moon and his Tactile Reading System

2012 Newton (Uyesugi) Wesley:  Contact Lens Pioneer and Advocate

2013 Lovers’ Eyes

2014 Abraham Nemeth: Facilitator of Math and Science Careers for the Blind

2015 Guide Horses: An Alternative to Guide Dogs

2016 Onchocerciasis and Its Control

2017 Lash Lure and Paraphenylenediamine: Toxic Beauty Past & Present

2018 The Eponyms of the Human Eyelid Glands P*

Gauger, Grant

1991 The Great Mind of Thomas Young

1994 Astronauts and the Accelerator: The Light Flash Phenomenon

Gittinger, John W., Jr.

1988 Freud and Janet: Functional Hemianopia at Charcot’s Salpetriere

1989 Harvey Cushing — A Man Who Learned From His Mistakes

1990 Ophthalmology, then and Now. The American Ophthalmic Literature 50 and 100 Years Ago

1991 Oliver Wendell Holmes’ Ocular Theories

1995 The Life and Death of George S. Derby, M.D.

1996 Early Ophthalmologist Esperantists

1999 Radiation and Cataracts: Cause or Cure (Snyder lecture)

2003 A Talk on the Wilde Side: Sir William Wilde

2005 Argyrol and Dr. Barnes P*

2007 The Philosophic, Physiologic, and Metaphoric Blind Spot of Mariotte

2008 When Fathers; Disagree: Enucleation of a Footnote

2010 The Jeffries of Boston and the First Airmail Letter

2011 The Focal Infection Theory and its Consequences

2012 Wilhelm Kuhne and Optograms

2013 Thomas Young Revisited

2015  The Quest for a Medical Treatment of Cataract

2018 That the Blind May Write: William Hickling Prescott and the Noctograph P*

Glew, William

1988 A Twentieth Century Perspective on Jacques Daviel (1693-1762)

1989 American Eye Hospitals: 19th Century Beginnings

1992 Peter Mark Roget, M.D. (1779-1869) and the Persistent Visual Image

1994 A Seminal Year in Ophthalmology: 1895

1997 John Dalton and His Serendipitous Contribution to Archeology

1999 An Internet Survey of the History of Ophthalmology

Gloor, Balder

2011 Retina and Macula have Their Own History - from Felix Platter (1583) to OCT

2011 Primary Presentation - Retinal Surgery at the Time Gonin Was Swimming Against the


2012 Visual Axis, Blind Spot, Yellow Spot­­ ­– Controversies over 400 Years

2014 Arthur Gloor – A Half Century of Ophthalmology in Daily Practice and in a City Hospital

       in the First Half of the Last Century (1899-1954)


Green, W. Richard

1997 Memorial to Arthur Keeney

Griggs, Walter

1995 Peter Parker

1996 Carlos Finlay, Ophthalmologist: Yellow Jack and the Panama Canal

1999 The Farnsworth Lantern

Grzybowski, Andrzej

2009 Ludwik Zamenhof-One of the Most Famous Ophthalmologists in the World’s Culture

2011 Vincenz Fukala (1847-1911) - Versatile Surgeon and Original Historian of Ophthalmology

2012 Boleslaw Wicherkiewicz – Interesting Contributor to European Ophthalmology (with Dieter


Guly, Henry

2017 Snow Blindness During the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration

Harman, Lynn E.

2014 Diet Pills and the Cataract Outbreak of 1935: Reflections on the Evolution of Consumer

         Protection Legislation (with Curtis Margo)

2015 Rudolph Virchow's Medical School Dissertation on Rheumatism and the Cornea (with

           Curtis Margo)

2016 Conceptual History of Autoimmunity: Perspectives on the Contributions of Ocular 

          Immunology (with Curtis Margo)

2017 Sir Charles Sherrington, His Law, and Great Debates in Neuroscience (with Curtis Margo)

2018 Charles Dickens, Trachoma, and Pre-Victorian England (with Curtis Margo) P*

Hardwig, Paul

1998 Eighteenth Century Vienna: To Mesmerize or Not?

Harper, David G.

2003 A Century of Perspective on Tscherning’s Theory of Accommodation

2009 The History of Presbyopia

2010 Marius Tscherning (1854-1939): Optical Physiologist par Excellence

2011 Accommodation in the 18th Century: The Bakerian and Croonian Lectures

2012 The Several Discoveries of the Ciliary Muscle

2013 The Helmholtz Theory of Accommodation: The Ciliary Muscle and the Lens

2014 Allvar Gullstrand and Intracapsular Accommodation: His Nobel Prize Lecture, December 11,


2016 Accommodation and the Nucleus:  The Lens Within

2017 The Discovery of Hypermetropia: Accommodation to a New Era

Hedges, Thomas Jr. (deceased)

1991 Donald J. Lyle: The Almost Forgotten Neuro-Ophthalmologist

1993 When Irish Eyes Are Failing: A Study of Joyce’s Persistent Problems

1995 D. Hayes Agnew: The Last of the General Surgeon-Ophthalmologists at Pennsylvania

1997 Concerning Quakers, the Pennsylvania and Wills Eye Hospitals

1999 Francis Heed Adler of Philadelphia

2000 Haldan Keffer Hartline (1903-1983)

2005 Charles Bonnet Syndrome P*

Hedges, Thomas R.

2017 Josef Igersheimer, An Emigre Ophthalmologist's Story (with Marisa Gobuty Tieger)

Heitz, Robert

2001 The Earliest Fundus Visualization of Living Eyes

2002 Early 18th century Debates on Cataract and Glaucoma by the French Royal Academy of Sciences

2005 Early Use of Contact Lenses for Keratoconus Treatment in the USA P*

2007 Ludwig Laqueur’s Introduction of Physostigmine for Intraocular Pressure Lowering Glaucoma

Henderson, John

1991 Bilateral malignant ophthalmos: Its Management 75 Years Ago

1994 The Ophthalmic Practice of Dr. Charles Mayo

1996 The Yellow Brick Road to Penicillin: A Story of Serendipity: (Part I, II)

Hertle, Richard W.

1997 Ophthalmic Injuries During the Civil War

2000 Captain John L. Worden’s Eye Injury and Ophthalmic Care During the Civil War

2002 Clinical Trials in Medicine and Surgery During the Civil War

2004 Silas Weir Mitchell, M.D. (1829-1914): Neuro-ophthalmology and The American Civil War

2005 The Eye Disease of Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), Confederate States President (1861-1865) P*

2006 A Confederate Surgeon’s Treatment of Amblyopia in Adults

2007 Stereoscopy During the Civil War: News, Entertainment, or Propanganda?

2009 The History of Ophthalmology at the University of Pittsburgh: Highlights of Contributions in

   Clinical Care, Education, and Research

2011 William Thomson, MD (1833-1907); Civil War Surgeon and The Evolution of Ophthalmology

2014 Enough Sight to Fight? The History of Military Visual System Requirements

Hogan, R. Nick

1992 Was Noah the First Recorded Case of Oculocutaneous Albinism?

1996 Julius Hallervorden: Science vs Source

1999 The Discovery of Prions: Personalities, Politics, Perseverance

Horn, Erich

 2018 Financing the Cure: Historical Trends in the Cost of an American Medical Education

Horrocks, Thomas

1997 As Far as the Eye Can See: Ophthalmology in the Historical Library at the College of Physicians

    of Philadelphia

Hurtes, Reva

1993 July 23, 1946 - A Day That Will Live in Infamy (with John Flynn)

1995 Edward W. D. Norton: An Ophthalmologist for All Seasons, Part II (with John Flynn)

Huxley, Matthew

1988 Two Experiences of Treatment for Significant Visual Disabilities - Together With Reflections

    Upon the Therapeutics Involved

Jampel, Robert S.

1990 History of Advertising in Ophthalmology

1992 Professionalism, Licensing and Ophthalmology

1993 Historical Transitions in Cataract Surgery

1994 The Kresge Eye Institute: A Contemporary Political and Economic History

1996 Ethics and Cost-Plus Economics

1998 The Influence of Modern Technology on the Indications for Cataract Surgery

1999 Franciscus Cornelis Donders and His Law

2000 Ophthalmology and the Ascendancy of the Experimental Method:  The Vesting of Authority in

    Observation and Experiment

2001 The Foundations of Oculomotor Physiology

2002 Historical Notes on Concepts of Normal Ocular Kinematics

2004 On the History of So-called Static Ocular Counter-rolling

2005 History of Concepts of Extraocular Muscles Function

2006 Concerning Helmholtz’s View of Static Ocular Counterrolling

2007 The History of the Search for a Comprehensive Theory of Extraocular Muscle Function: From

    Donders to Pulleys

Jennings, Bruce

2002 What Did Dr. Kevorkian Do Wrong?

Jokl, Danny Hirsch-Kauffmann

1999 The Unknown Robert Koch: His (and our) Debt to Ferdinand Cohn

2000 The Hirschberg Library and How it Came to Rest in Japan

2001 Julius Hirschberg’s Last American Journey – Insights and Anecdotes

2002 Von Siebold: The Father of Western Medicine and Ophthalmology in Japan

2003 Hermann Cohn (1838-1906). A Pioneer of Pediatric Ophthalmology

2006 Tatsuji Inouye—Topographer of the Visual Cortex

2007 Otfrid Foerster

2010 Albrecht von Graefe - Unrecognized Ophthalmic Contributions

2012 Relja Zivojnovic- Daring, Creative Vitreoretinal Surgeon of the “Inoperable Retinal Detachment”

2013 Endre A. Balazs, M.D., and David Miller, M.D., and The Serendipitous Origin of Viscosurgery (Snyder Lecture)

2014 Dr. Jokichi Takamine – Samurai Chemist – Inventor of Epinephrine

Joy, Robert

1988 Teaching the History of Ophthalmology

Kalin Johnson, Cindi

1994 E.J. Curran: Historical Vignette

Kansupada, Kashyap

1995 Shushruta: Father of Indian Surgery and Ophthalmology (with Joseph Sassani)

Keeler, C. Richard

1997 The Evolution of the British Ophthalmoscope

2000 The Ophthalmoscope in Helmholtz’s Lifetime

2002 Babbage the Unfortunate

2005 Exploring the Fundus: A 19th Century View P*

2007 Oculist to Queen Victoria

2008 Instrument Ancestry: Genesis of the Ophthalmic Examination (Snyder lecture)

2011 Congress among the Dreaming Spires

2012 Hjalmar August Schiotz: His Life and Recently Rediscovered Ophthalmoscope

2014 Arthur Mac Callan: Trachoma Pioneer in Egypt

2016 St. Dunstan's: Hostel for Blinded Soldiers and Sailors in the First World War

2017 "Pallor of Greatness:"  Portrait of William Bowman and His Friends

Keenly, Arthur (deceased)

1989 Dr. Verhoeff’s Box in the Attic: Lessons in Prototypes and Problem Solving

1990 The Evolution of Ocular Protection from the Descent of Man to Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens

1992 A Wilde Irish Tale - Sir William Wilde and the Ophthalmologist Surrounding His Son, Oscar


1993 Verhoeff at the North Pole with Admiral Perry: Tribulation and Tragedy (with Virginia Keeney)

1996 What was that Woman’s Name: Mary Broadfoot Walker and the First Clinical Trial of


Kennedy, Robert

1992 The History of Ocular Prostheses and Orbital Implants

1993 History of Orbital Surgery in the United States

1995 The Use of Leeches in Medicine and Ophthalmology

2000 Elizabeth Blackwell, M.D.: The First Female in Medical School in the U.S.

Khan, F. 

2018 The Monocular Duke of Urbino (with Stephen G. Schwartz, Pamela S. Chavis, Christopher T.

      Leffler and D. Bermudez ) P*

Kleinberg, Teri

 2014 Edmund Spaeth, from Wartime to Wills

Klintworth, Gordon K. (deceased)

1988 Giants of Pathology and the Cornea a Century Ago

1991 American Gothic

1992 The Case of Augustus D’Este

1993 The Eye of Horus

1995 Macular Corneal Dystrophy: The Pilgrim Connection

1997 Ophthalmic Pathology: From Clubs to the Web

2000 Ocular Argyrosis: The Importance of History

2003 Norman Ashton - The First Pathologist to Devote a Full-time Career to Ophthalmic Pathology

2006 Historical Aspects of Yellow, the Color Associated with Cowardice (Snyder Lecture)

2008 The Algernon B. Reese and Joseph A.C. Wadsworth Ophthalmic Pathology Collections-In

    Search of a Long Term Safe Haven

2012 David G. Cogan: An Ophthalmic Pathologist Par Excellence

Knox, David

1993 History of the Frank B. Walsh Society

1995 Cerebro-Ocular Whipple’s Disease: A 62 Year Odyssey from Death to Diagnosis

1997 Alan C. Woods, Sr.: A Giant in His Time

2001 Focal Infection and Ocular Inflammation: Evolution of a Concept

2005 Pathology and Pathologists in Neuro Ophthalmology P*

2008 Pars Planitis: History and Evaluation of Thinking About an Ocular Inflammation Syndrome

Koch, Hans-Reinhard

2015 Borri, the Prophet, on Lens Aspiration and the "Restitutio humorum" in the 17th century.

Krizack, Joan

1988 Retrolental Fibroplasia: Experimental Research and Service at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear


1989 Lizzie Maud Carvill: First Woman of Ophthalmology

La Piana, Frank

1988 Ophthalmology in War - Lessons from the Past

1989 Historically Significant Eye Injuries

1990 Early History of Eye Armor

1993 The American Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Ophthalmology

1996 Army Ophthalmology in the Viet Nam War

2000 Foveomacular Retinitis 1944-1970: An Autopsy Upon a Griffin

Lawrence, Linda

1999 The Eye Disease of Christopher Columbus

2001 The Historical Saint Lucy

2006 James IV of Scotland, “Cataract King”

2012 Tobiah and the Fish: Medicine or Magic?

2014 Datura: Dilatation into Darkness

2017 The Definition of Blindness

Laws, Edwards

1988 History of Neurosurgical Contributions to Neuro-Ophthalmology

John Q. Le

2018 American Insight into Strabismus Surgery Before 1838 (with Christopher Leffler and Stephen G. 


Leavitt, Jackie

2004 The History of Neuro-ophthalmology at Mayo Clinic

2007 Historical Treatments of Demyelinating Optic Neuritis

2009 The History of CT at Mayo Clinic

2016 Traumatic Nerve Palsy and History: the Influence of Ophthalmic Care on C. Everett Koop, MD
    (with Susan Pepin)

2017 Sarah Edith Ives

Lee, John

1997 Cecil Starling O’Brien

2012 Marshall M. Parks, MD: Before Pediatric Ophthalmology

2013 Mansour F. Armaly, MD: Founder of the Glaucoma Service at the University of Iowa

2016 Charles D. Phelps, MD (1937-1985): Short Life, Big Impact (with H. Stanley Thompson)

Leffler, Christopher T.

2013 Evolution and Impact of Eye and Vision Terms in Written English

2014 John Thomas Woolhouse (1666-1734): Bold Ophthalmic Innovator and Teacher

         (with Stephen B. Schwartz)

2015 The First Cataract Surgeons in Anglo-America (with Stephen G. Schwartz, Andrzej

          Grabowski and Punkte Braich)

 2016 A Medieval Fallacy: the Crystalline Lens in the Center of the Eye (with Tamer Hadi,

          Akrithi Udupi, Stephen G. Schwartz and Daniel Schwartz)

  2017 Adventures of Some Early American Eye Surgeons (with Stephen G. Schwartz)

  2018 American Insight into Strabismus Surgery before 1838 (with Stephen G. Schwartz and John Q.    

      Le) P*

  2018 The Monocular Duke of Urbino (with Stephen G. Schwartz, Pamela S. Chavis, F. Khan, and

     D. Bermudez ) P*

Lenoir, Timothy

2001 Vision Theories and Art

Letocha, Charles

1994 Did George McClellan Commit Malpractice?

1997 The 250th Anniversary of Cataract Extraction

2002 Ridley and Other IOL’s in Philadelphia

2006 Historical Treatment of Eye Disease in the Pennsylvania Dutch Region

2010 James Graham – An Oculist in America

2011 The Invention of Bifocals

2015 The New York Ophthalmic Hospital's Early History

2017 The Royal Oculist - Carl Theodor in Bavaria

Linberg, John

1997 St. John’s Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem

Loewenfeld, Irene

1998 Otto Lowenstein: Neurologic and Ophthalmologic Testing Methods During His Lifetime

Luntz, Maurice

2016 Selected Luminaries of Yesteryear

2017 Sir Benjamin Mycroft 1902 to 1967: His Contributions to Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive


Manley, Donelson (deceased, 2018)

2004 Sir Norman Gregg and the Rubella Virus

2005 The Historical Development of the Diagnosis of Cyclovertical Muscle Palsies P*

2006 The Four-Diopter Prism Test

2008 Ophthalmological Examinations Performed at Ellis Island, the Isola della Lacrime (The Island

    of Tears)

2011 The History of the Three Step Test for Isolated Cyclovertical Muscle Palsy

2012 Richard G. Scobee, MD, The Ultimate Ocular Motility Man

2014 The History of the Intraocular Lens by Way of Hollywood (Mrs. Miniver and The Battle of


2015 James Watson White, M.D.: Strabismologist Par Excellence and Former Chair of

      Ophthalmology at Columbia University (with Rizwan Alvi)

Mannis, Mark

1998 William Ellery Briggs: Pioneer of West Coast Ophthalmology

2000 Corneal Surgery: History’s Experiments and Their Legacy – A Cinematic Illustration

2004 Arthur von Hippel and the Trephine that “Revolutionized” Corneal Transplantation

2007 Erasmus Darwin and his Curious Corneal Trephine

2008 Keratoconus: the Historical Evolution of its Management      

2012 H. Townley Paton, Father of Modern Eye Banking: A Portrait of His Own Times in His Own


2014 Ophthalmic Anesthesia: A Brief History

2015 The Dark Side of Those who Guard the Light: Ophthalmologists in Crime

2016  Shakespeare's Eye (Snyder Lecture)

2017 New Trends in Medical Therapy for the Cornea: 2017, 1917, 2117

Margo, Curtis

2012 Diderot’s Letter on the Blind for the Use of Those Who Can See: Perspectives on its 

         Contribution to Science

2013 George Berkeley and the New Theory of Vision

2014 Diet Pills and the Cataract Outbreak of 1935: Reflections on the Evolution of Consumer

         Protection Legislation (with Lynn E. Harman)

2015 Rudolph Virchow's Medical School Dissertation on Rheumatism and the Cornea (with

           Lynn E. Harman)

2016 Conceptual History of Autoimmunity: Perspectives on the Contributions of Ocular 

          Immunology (with Lynn E. Harman)

2017 Sir Charles Sherrington, His Law, and Great Debates in Neuroscience (with Lynn E. Harman)

2018 Charles Dickens, Trachoma, and Pre-Victorian England (with Lynn E. Harman) P*

Mark, Harry H.

2008 Isaac Newman and the Phosphene

2009 Early Glaucoma History: Buphthalmos

2010 Athanasius Kircher and his Ars Magna Book

2011 Wm. Hyde Wollaston, Optic Chiasm, and the Big Bang

2012 “Raft of the Medusa”, Phosphenes, and Potential Vision

2013 The Site of the Optical Image in the Eye

2014 Mikhail Lomonosov on Lights and Colors

2015  The Amazing Pinhole

2016 Emerging Ideas About the Lens and Cataract in the 17th Century

2017 The Role of Eye Size in Ophthalmology

2018 Measuring the Eye, a History

Marmor, Michael F.

1995 Wilson’s Eyes and Link’s Vision: On the Use and Abuse of Medical History

1996 The Inner Vision of Eduard Munch

1997 Newton’s Prism, Goethe’s Primer, and Turner’s Palette

1998 Lest We Forget: The Training of George Kambara, M.D.

1999 A Brief History of Macular Grids

2000 The Dilemma of Color Deficiency in Art

2001 Koch’s Postulate and Hansen’s Dilemma

2002 Escher and the Ophthalmologist

2003 The Impact of Failing Vision on the Late Works of Degas

2004 Monet Through his Own Eyes (Snyder Lecture)

2006 Delius and the Impact of Blindness in Composition

2007 The Evolution of Treatment for Retinal Detachment

2008 The Eye’s Mind: A Poetic Excursion into the Ocular Evolution

2009 Did Rembrandt Have Strabismus?

2010 Color Blindness and Art

2011 The birth of fluorescein angiography: 50 years ago

2012 Did Degas’ Maculopathy Affect His Sculpture?

2013 The Curious Case of Baccio Bandinelli

2014 Blindness and Deafness in Artists and Composers

2015 Morbid Sensibility of the Retina

2016 The Ophthalmic Sleuth: Unfinished Paintings in the Pitti Palace

2017 John Dalton's Papers on Color Blindness

2018 A Truly Dominant Disease

Marshall, W. H.

1999 Eye Care Reflected on Victorian Trade Cards

2000 www.Hoodwink the Ocularist.con

2003 The Eye Normalizer: How and Why it Worked for 30 Years

Maumenee, Edward (deceased)

1991 The History of Vitmin A

McAllister, Ian L.

2015 Devices and Aids for the Teaching and Demonstration of Ophthalmoscopy in the 19th century

Medow, Norman

1997 Alexander Duane: Semanticist, Surgeon, and Strabismologist

1998 Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach: The Father of Strabismus Surgery and Much, Much More

2000 George Thomas Stevens, M.D., and the Stevens Commission 1887-1889

2002 Head Tilts and Face Turns: Life and Times of Alfred Bielschowsky (1871-1940)

2004 The Life and Times of A. Cecil Alport (1880-1959)

2008 The Evolution of Cataract Surgery in Children

2011 Physicians - Poisons - Pupils and a Bella Donna The Evolution of Forensics (Snyder lecture)

2017 The Wild Wildes:  Sir William, Lady Jane, and of course...OSCAR

Meltzer, Gerald

2017 The Halifax Explosion of 1917

Mettenleiter, Andreas

2015 The Ophthalmologist Joseph Schneider, M.D. (1845 - 1927) a fascinating German-

     American Career

Michael, John

1996 Ophthalmology in Ancient Assyria

Miller, Marilyn T.

2011 Martin Urist, MD, A Man Always A Little Out Of Step With His Profession

2012 G. Venketaswamy: A Man with a Heart and a McDonald’s Type Business Plan

Moroi, Sayoko

2004 A Close Look at the History and Facts of Ginkgo Biloba and Bilberry

2005 Arnold Sorsby, MD -- 20th Century Clinician-Scientist P*

2012 Julia Bell, MRCS, LRCP, FRCP (1879-1979) – A Legendary Female Pioneer in Human Genetics

    (with Gale Oren)

2017 The History and Development of Iris Prosthetics (with David S. Sanders)

Muirhead, J. Fraser

2010 The Case History of an Eighteenth Century Case History

2012 Adolph Barkan and His Diary

2015 Unusual Posterior Synechiae on the Bust of Peter the Great in the Russian State Museum, Saint

          Petersburg, and Their Legend 

2016 Joseph LeConte, MD, MA: Geologist and Vision Scientist

Murphy, Sean

1989 Frank Buller, M.D. - First Professor of Ophthalmology, McGill University

1991 Casey Wood and the Birds

1992 Eskimo Goggles

1994 Edward Lear - Painter, Poet, Myope

1995 The Eye in Art

1996 McGill University Ophthalmology

2001 A Passion for Books: William Osler, Casey Wood and McGill University (Snyder lecture)

Nakhwa, Chinmay

 2018 200 Glorious Years of Indian Ophthalmology (with Sundaram Natarajan and Utkarsha Padwal)

Natarajan, Sundaram

 2018 200 Glorious Years of Indian Ophthalmology (with Utkarsha Padwal and Chinmay Nakhwa)

Neri-Vela, Rolando

2016 Badianus Codex and Ophthalmology

2017 Manuel Uribe Troncoso and His Works

Newell, Frank (deceased)

1988 William Clay Wallace: America’s First Professor of Ophthalmology

1989 Franciscus Cornelius Donders

1990 Citizen C.R. Agnew, M.D., Ophthalmologist

1991 America’s Forgotten Ophthalmic Historian: T.H. Shastid

1992 Cornelius Rea Agnew

1993 United States Ophthalmology 1876

1994 Origins of the National Eye Institute (Snyder Lecture)

1995 The Western Ophthalmological, Otological, Laryngological, and Rhinological Association

1996 The American Journal of Ophthalmology, 1864-1885

Newman, Steven A.

1989 Leo M. Davidoff, A Neurosurgeon’s Contributions to Ophthalmology. A Personal Perspective

1990 The Chiasm: A Neuro-Ophthalmic Junction

1991 The First Neuro-Ophthalmology Case

1992 Steroephotography and Ophthalmology

1993 William Holland Wilmer: A Virginia Gentleman

1994 Neurology of Eye Muscles. Emergence of a Neuro-Ophthalmologist

1995 Neuro-Ophthalmology and the Origins of the Academy

1996 Tropical Ophthalmology from Raj to the Ophthalmology of Developing Countries

1998 Greenfield Sluder: Nasal Neurology, Headaches and Eye Disorders of Nasal Origin

2000 Quantitation in Ophthalmology: A Science in Evolution (Snyder Lecture)

2001 Lacrimal Parasympathetic Innervation: A Model for Going Astray

2004 Aviation Medicine and Ophthalmology

2005 Homonymous Hemianopsia: The Localizing Value of Incongruity P*

2007 Tonometry (AGS Joint Session)

2009 An Eye for an Eye: Review of Medical Legal Ophthalmology

2011 Base Hospital 5 and Ophthalmology with the American Expeditionary Force in      

   World War I

2012 Mementos from Dr. Cogan’s Closet

2013 History of Orbital Surgery: Evolution and Revolution

2014 Ophthalmic Injuries at Hiroshima and Nagasaki – David Cogan and the Atomic Bomb Casualty


2015 Vesalius 500th Anniversary of the Birth of the Author of the Fabrica. Early Practical

     Understanding of Head and Neck Anatomy

2016 Harvey Cushing and the Practical Evolution of Visual Field Testing and Its Role in the

    Development of Neurosurgery (with Samuel Yun and Robert L. Lesser)

2017 The American Board of Ophthalmology and Origins of Specialty Education

2018 Ernest Maddox and Heterophoria P*

Noe, Adrianne

1988 William Holland Wilmer and Aviation Ophthalmology in World War I

Norton, Edward (deceased)

1992 Argyrosis-Art

O’Connor, G. Richard (deceased)

2003 The History of Toxoplasmosis: The Early Discoveries

2004 The Third Eye

2006 Phillips Thygeson: His Search for the Cause and Cure of Trachoma

O’Day, Dennis M. (deceased)

2003 The Legacy of Derrick Vail

Odel, Jeffrey

1988 Cushing’s Crucial Case

1989 Bell, Book and Berry

1990 Gowers Genths his Gunn

1991 Jonathan Hutchinson and the Archives of Surgery (London)

1992 Photography: The Second Vision

Ott, Katherine

1997 How Medicine Mirrors Society: Sympathetic Ophthalmia in the 19th Century

Padwal, Utkarsha

2018 200 Glorious Years of Indian Ophthalmology (with Sundaram Naarajan and Chinmay Nakhwa)

Parascandola, John

1988 Historical Resources of the National Library of Medicine

1989 Manuscript Material in the History of Ophthalmology at the National Library of Medicine

1990 Development of the Draize Test for Eye Toxicity

1991 Sources for Historical Research

Parks, Marshall (deceased)

1988 History of the Development of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus as a Sub-Specialty in Ophthalmology

1989 Tenon, Ferrell, and Lockwood: On Orbital Fascia

1991 Wheatstone: His Amazing Knowledge about Stereopsis 

Patz, Arnall (deceased)

1990 Jonas S. Friedenwald, Physician/Scientist

1992 T.L. Terry and V.E. Kinsey in the Retinopathy of Prematurity Saga

1993 G. Meyer-Schwickerath “Let There Be Light”

1997 From Wilmer’s Dusty Basement: L. Sloan, S. Kuffler, D. Hubel and T. Wiesel

Pollen, Abraham

1988 A Tale of Two Jeffries

Raju, V.K.

1992 Indian Contributions to Medicine and Ophthalmology. Excerpts from the CHARAKA Club, NY


1995 The History of The Charaka Club

1996 Evil Spoken of Physicians (Excerpts from Charaka Club Proceedings)

1997 The Language of Medicine: Sanskrit, Greek and Latin

1998 Antiquity of Indian Medicine

1999 Surgical Ethics in Ayurveda

2001 The Bower Manuscript on Ayurveda

2002 Observations on the Language of Medicine

2004 Oral Tradition, Ayurveda and Modern Medicine

2007 Ophthalmology in Afghanistan: Past and Present

2010 Susruta of Ancient India

2012 Ophthalmology in Iran: Then and Now

2015 Management of Pterygium over the Centuries 

Ravin, James

1988 The Cataract Surgery of Claude Monet: Its Effect on the Impressionist Painter. Published as: Ravin JG. Monet’s cataracts. JAMA 1985; 254:394-9. PMID 3892061.

1989 The Blindness of Degas: The Effect of Vision Loss on the Famous French Artist. Published as: Ravin JG, Kenyon CA. Degas’ loss of vision: Evidence for a diagnosis of retinal disease. Survey of Ophthalmology 1994; 39:57-64. PMID 7974192

1990 Cataract, Diabetes and Radium: The Case of Cassatt. Published as:  Cataracts, Diabetes, and Radium: The Case of Cassatt. Marmor, MF, Ravin JG, eds.  The Eye of the Artist.  NY: Abrams, 2009, pp. 160-3

1991 The Wanderings of a Literary Ophthalmologist: The Doyle-Houdini-Bessinet Correspondence. Published as: Ravin, JG. The wanderings of a literary ophthalmologist: A. Conan Doyle, Houdini, and Ada Besinnet. Documenta Ophthalmologica 1991; 77:335-47. PMID 1769303

1992 From Von Graefe’s Clinic to the Ecole des Beaux Arts: The Meteoric Career of Richard Liebreich. Published as: Ravin JG, Kenyon C. From von Graefe’s clinic to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. The meteoric career of Richard Liebreich. Survey of Ophthalmology 1992; 37:221-8. PMID 1475755

1993 Victoria’s Secret: The Queen’s Cataracts. Published as: Ravin JG. Queen Victoria, her physicians, and her cataracts. Survey of Ophthalmology 1994; 38:475-82. PMID 8009431

1994 Pissarro, Dacryocystitis and the Development of Modern Lacrimal Surgery. Published as: Ravin JG. Pissarro, dacryocystitis, and the development of modern lacrimal surgery. Documenta Ophthalmologica 1994; 86:191-202. PMID 7995234

1995 Charles Meryon: A Color Defective Artist. Published as: Ravin JG, Anderson N, Lanthony P. An artist with a color vision defect: Charles Meryon. Survey of Ophthalmology 1995; 39:403-8. PMID 7604364

1996 Paul Gachet’s Text, Military Ophthalmia in Europe. Published as: Ravin J, Amalric P. Paul-Ferdinand Gachet’s unpublished manuscript. Ophthalmia in the armies of Europe. Documenta Ophthalmologica 1997; 93:49-59. PMID 9476604

1997  Albert Einstein and his Mentor, Max Talmey (Snyder Lecture). Published as: Ravin JG. Albert Einstein and his mentor Max Talmey. The seventh Charles B. Snyder Lecture. Documenta Ophthalmologica 1997; 94:1-17. PMID 9657287

1998 Treacher Collins and His Medical Tour of Persia. Published as: Ravin JG. In the kingdom of the Shah: Treacher Collins’ Persian adventure. Survey of Ophthalmology 1999; 43:361-7. PMID 10025519

1999 The Statesman, the Artist, and the Ophthalmologist: Clemenceau, Lautrec, and Meyer. Published as: Ravin JG. The statesman, the artist, and the ophthalmologist: Clemenceau, Lautrec, and Meyer. Archives of Ophthalmology 1999; 117:951-4. PMID 10408462

2000 Sesquicentennial of the Ophthalmoscope. Published as: Ravin JG. Sesquicentennial of the ophthalmoscope. Archives of Ophthalmolgy 1999; 117:1634-8. PMID 10604669

2001 An English Surgeon in China: Thomas Colledge, M.D. Published as: Ravin JG. Thomas College: A pioneering British eye surgeon in China. Archives of Ophthahlmology 2001; 119:1530-2. PMID 11594956

2002 The Sympathetic Ophthalmia of James Thurber. Published as: Ravin JG. James Thurber and the problems of sympathetic ophthalmia. Archives of Ophthalmology 2002; 120:628-32. PMID 1200361

2003 Incidents at Shikarpur. Published as: Ravin JG. An Indian adventure: Derrick Vail’s Shikarpur fragments. Archives of Ophthalmmology 2003; 121:720-4. PMID 12742853

2004 Representations of Blindness from Picasso’s Blue Period. Published as: Ravin JG, Perkins J. Representations of blindness in Picasso’s Blue Period. Archives of Ophthalmology 2004; 122:636-9. PMID 15078683

2006 Pixels and Painting: the Imagery of Chuck Close. Published as: Ravin JG, Odell PM. Pixels and painting: Chuck Close and the fragmented image. Archives of Ophthalmology 2008; 126:1148-51. PMID 18695114

2007 Four French Glaucomatous Artists - Glaucoma in Art (AGS Joint Session). Published as: Ravin JG. The visual difficulties of selected artists and limitations of ophthalmological care during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society 2008; 106:402-25. PMID 19277248

2008 The Blindness of George Du Maurier (1834-1896). Published as: Retinal Disease and Art. Marmor, MF, Ravin JG, eds.  The Eye of the Artist.  NY: Abrams, 2009, pp. 182-3

2009 Surgical Treatment of Astigmatism. Louis Borsch’s MD Thesis, 1900. Published as: Ravin JG. The multifaceted career of Louis Borsch. Archives of Ophthalmology 2009; 127:1534-7. PMID 19901225

2010 Lucien Howe, Hereditary Blindness and the Eugenics Movement (with Alexandra Minna Stern). P* Published as: Ravin JG, Stern AM:  Lucien Howe, hereditary blindness, and the eugenics movement.  Archives of Ophthalmology 2010; 128: 924-30. PMID 20625057

2011 What were they thinking? Published as: Ravin JG. Controversy in ophthalmology at the beginning of the 20th century: opinions voiced in the archives, especially on cataract and glaucoma. Archives of Ophthalmology 2011; 129:97-101. PMID 21220636

2012 The Magician with a Meningioma. Published as: Ravin JG. The magician with a meningioma. Archives of Ophthalmology 2012; 130:1317-21. PMID 23044947

2013 Louise Hervieu, Her Illness and Campaign for a National Health Care Record in France. Published as: Ravin J, d’Enfert G. Louise Hervieu’s illness and campaign for a national medical record in France. Historia Ophthalmological Internationalis 2016; 2:73-81.

2014 Sigmund Freud Meets Hermann Knapp. Published as: J. Ravin. Sigmund Freud meets Hermann Knapp. Historia Ophthalmologica Internationalis 2016; 2:46-64.

2015 Purloined Parts

2016 Iris Recognition Technology. Published as: Ravin JG. Iris recognition technology (or, musings while going through airport security). Ophthalmology 2016; 123:2054-5. PMID 27664909

2017 Gelsemium: From Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Self-Experiments to Use as a Toxin by the Russians

2018 Burning the Eyes with Lime as a Form of Justice in Late 18th Century China P*

Ravin, Tracy

2006 Rosalba Carriera and Her Vision Problems

Reifler, David

1994 The Tarsectomy Operation of A.P.L. Gillet de Grandmont (1837) and its Periodic Rediscovery

1995 Is it Duverney’s or Horner’s Muscle?

1998 The Life and Legacy of Dominique Anel

1999 Friedrich August von Ammon (1799-1861)

2002 Bashar Assad and the Syrian Succession. Is the Characterization,“Mild-Mannered

Ophthalmologist,” Accurate?

2004 Oculofacial Plastic Surgery Subspecialization Past, Present and Future

2008 Albert Ticho

2010 Howard Leslie Lieberman, MD (1922 – 2006)

2015 Expanding a Cogan Society Paper into a Book (and getting it published): Days of Ticho: Empire

    Mandate. Medicine and Art in the Holy Land

2016 A Footnote in Hirschberg's History of Ophthalmology: the Rothschilds and Ophthalmologist Dr.

     Edouard Meyer

Roper-Hall, Gill

2016 Henri Parinaud: An Update on His Syndrome

Rosen, Richard

2012 The New York Eye Infirmary and the Flowering of Ophthalmology in America

Rosenthal, J. William (deceased)

1988 Detailed Examination of Historical Artifacts

1989 Recent Acquisitions of Antique Chinese Spectacles and Cases

1990 Pince Nez

1991 A Short History of Glass

1992 The Story of Opera Glasses

1993 Unusual Chinese Eyeglass Cases

1994 Optical Uses of Fans

1995 Optical Charms

1996 Bar Spring Eye Glasses

1997 Wooden Eyeglass Cases, Including Tunbridgeware

1998 Dowager-Duchess Lorgnettes

1999 In Memoriam: Frank W. Newell, MD *

2000 A Collection of Monoculars

2001 Decorative Spectacle Cases

2002  Early American Spectacle Makers (Snyder Lecture)

Rosenwasser, George

1996 The Woodcuts of Bartisch’s Das Ist Augendienst

1997 Ophthalmic Controversy in WWII

1998 Random Walk, The Ridley Lenses, and the Rack

1999 Vladimir Petrovich Filatov: Pioneering Corneal Surgeon

2011 Robert Machemer, A World Leader In Vitreoretinal Surgery

Ross, Robin

1994 Pioneering Women in Ophthalmology       

Rubin, Melvin L. (deceased)

2010 Gordon Lynn Walls (1905-1962). A Tribute and Personal Memoir

Saine, Patrick J.

2002 Landmarks in the Development of Fluorescein Angiography

2004 Retinal Photography Atlases of the 20th Century

2005 The Cogan Society Website

Sanders, David S. 

2017 The History and Development of Iris Prosthetics (with Sayoko E. Moroi)

Sanders, Michael

2000 Early Days at Moorfields: The Contribution of St. Thomas’ and Guys Hospitals

Sanghvi, Suketu

1989 Rudolph Virchow, With a Footnote on Frederick Verhoeff

1990 The Ophthalmological Papers of Sir William Bowman

1993 History of Viscoelastic Use in Ophthalmic Surgery

Sassani, Joseph W.

1989 The History of Optometry: An Optometric Perspective

1992 Helen Keller: Beyond the Miracle

1994 History of Visual Rehabilitation

1998 Delta Gamma: Patronesses of Sight

2001 The Overbrook School for the Blind

2005 Paul A. Cox, M.D. Historic Historian P*

2009 Anne Sullivan Macy: Blind Teacher

2012 Salus University: Both the Oldest and Newest Non-profit, Independent, Optometric Higher

   Educational Institution in the United States

2017 Dr. Robert J. Morrison:  Contact Lens Pioneer, Inventor, and Eye Doctor to Many Including the
    Rich and the Famous

Savage-Smith, Emilie

1988 The Couching and Removal of Cataracts in Medieval Islam

Schlossman, Abraham (deceased)

2000 Professor A. Franceschetti – Great Ophthalmologist and Humanitarian

Schroeder, Richard

2018 Quicklime as an Ocular Chemical Weapon: Examples in Ancient and Medieval Warfare (with

       Robert Feibel) P*

Schuman, Joel S.

2009 Reflections on OCT

2010 The Evolution of Retinal Nutrition

Schwab, Ivan

2008 Phylogeny of the Cornea

2014 (1) Here’s Looking at You (2) Scriptural Optics

2015 The Eyes of Alice: From Eleanor of Aquitaine to Todd's Syndrome

2016 Why Is it Pronounced Fresnel?

2017 Does My Dog See in Color? The Evolution of Color Vision (Snyder Lecture)

Schwartz, Stephen G.

2015 The First Cataract Surgeons in Anglo-America (with Christopher T. Leffler, Andrzej

          Grabowski and Punkte Braich)

2016 A Medieval Fallacy: the Crystalline Lens in the Center of the Eye (with Tamer Hadi, 

          Akrithi Udup, Christopher T. Leffler and Daniel Schwartz,)

2017 Adventures of Some Early American Eye Surgeons (with Christopher T. Leffler)

2018 The Monocular Duke of Urbino (with Christopher T. Leffler, Pamela S. Chavis, F. Khan and D.

     Bermudez) P*

  2018 American Insight into Strabismus Surgery (with Christopher T. Leffler and John Q. Le) P*

Sieving, Pamela C.

2005 Jorge Luis Borges: A Man of Metaphors and Myopia (with Johnny Tang) P*

2006 Proof and Consequences: The History of Clinical Trials in Ophthalmology

2008 This is Dedicated to the One I Love: Trends and Highlights in the Dedications and

   Acknowledgements of Ophthalmic Texts

2009 O Christmas Tree: A History of ‘Christbaum’ and ‘Christbaumschmuck’ Cataracts

2010 Ophthalmology at Valparaiso

2011 Back to the Future: Resources for the Study of Ophthalmic History

2014 Cover Story: The Evolution of Covers of the Journal Formerly Known as “The Archives”

2015 A Brief History of Ophthalmic Genetics

2018 Fake News: Or, How Carrots Became a Weapon of War, and Helped Defeat the Nazis P*

Sieving, Paul A.

2012 David Cogan and the National Eye Institute

Silverstein, Arthur M.

1990 Early History of Ocular Immunopathy

1992 Theory and Practice: Where has Progress in Keratoplasty Come From?

1995 Diagnostic Vogues and Epidemiological Trends

1997 Paul Ehrlich’s Ophthalmic Experiments: The Introduction of Fluorescein

2003 A Dedicated Life: Mildred Weisenfeld and the Fight For Sight

2005 When the Cure is Worse than the Disease: A Brief History of Ocular Immunopathology (Snyder

    Lecture) P*

2006 Ocular Immunology 1905-1914: The Bandwagon Effect

2008 Sociological Aspects of Subdiscipline Formation: Ocular Immunopathology

2018 Virulent Smallpox: When Did It Start? (President's lecture) P*

Sims, Ron

2010 Ophthalmic Treasures from the Galter Health Sciences Library Special Collections at

     Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois

Sinskey, Robert M.

2005 The Influence of Phacoemulsification on IOL’s and Vice Versa

Smith, Catherine Arnott

2017 Metadata Facilitating Context:  The Case of the Perkins School Archives (with Jennifer Arnott)

Sonty, Sriram

 2016 Ophthalmology in the 19th Century America: Evolution and Eminence

Spain-Ward, Patricia

1989 The Chicago Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary: Prototype of A Regional Medical Center

Spellman, Robert

2005 The Eye Disease of Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), Confederate States President (1861-1865) (with Richard W. Hertle) P*

Spencer, William (deceased, 2017)

1988 The Ophthalmic Pathology Club (Verhoeff Society) and Its Regional Clones

1990 The Friedenwalds

1991 Johann Friedrich Horner

1993 Charles F. Prentice “Opticist”

1994 Kuwabara: Cogan Oral History

1997 Administrators of the American Board of Ophthalmology

2000 Georgiana Dvorak-Theobald

2003 The Origin and Development of San Francisco Academic Ophthalmology (Snyder lecture)

2007 The Axenfeld-Rieger Anomaly in Retrospect

Spivey, Bruce

1998 Socialization of Ophthalmology as a Specialty

1999 Socialization/Corporate Evolution of Ophthalmology: The Future?

Stern, Alexandra Minna

Lucien Howe, Hereditary Blindness and the Eugenics Movement (with James G. Ravin) P*

Straatsma, Bradley R.

2016 Jules Stein, MD: Ophthalmologist, Entertainment Magnate, and Advocate for Vision

Tang, Johnny

2005 Jorge Luis Borges: A Man of Metaphors and Myopia (with Pamela C. Sieving) P*

Tasman, William (deceased, 2017)

1997 Stephen Girard: One Eyed American Patriot

1998 General Mikhail Kutuzov: One-Eyed Defender of Moscow

2000 Blindness of Joseph Pulitzer

2002 Did Theodore Roosevelt Have a Detached Retina?

2003 Jules Cloquet: French Anatomist and Surgeon, 1790-1883

2004 Wenzels, Father and Son: Oculists to King George III and Napoleon

2006 Antoine Maitre-Jan (1650-1725)

2007 A Personal Reminiscence about the Ridley Implant

2008 Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy (FEVR), 1968-2008

2009 Meyer Schwickerath (Snyder Lecture)

2013 Physician Signers of the Declaration of Independence

Taylor, David

2012 The Optic Nerve is Still Hollow?

Thompson, H. Stanley

1988 George Milbry Gould and the Gospel of Eye-Strain

1989 Samuel Pepys’ Eye Troubles

1992 The Decussation at the Chiasm

1993 The Introduction of Visual Field Testing into Clinical Practice

1995  The Growth of American Neuro-Ophthalmology (Snyder lecture)

1997 A Brief Video History of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Iowa

1999 Words for the Pupil

2000 Some of Lee Allen’s Contributions to Ophthalmology

2001 1800 Years of Making Use of Pupillary Mobility as an Indicator of Visual Potential

2002 Professor Ishihara and his Test for Color Vision

2004 The Ophthalmic Clerihew

2005 Otto Lowenstein, Persistent Pupillographer P*

2006 Irene E Loewenfeld, PhD, Physiologist of the Pupil

2007 The Refractions of George Milby Gould

2008 Ida Mann and Some of the Obstacles She Hurdled

2009 A Very, Very, Negative Book Review

2011 A Quick Look at the Career and Publications of Sir Williams Lawrence

2013 Abe Flexner’s Influence on Iowa Medicine

Toth, Cynthia A.

2005 A History of Vitrectomy Surgery (with Robert Machemer) P*

Truhlsen, Stanley

1999 Harold Gifford, Sr., M.D.: Omaha’s Premier Turn of the Century Ophthalmologist

2001 The Publications of the American Academy of Ophthalmology

2003 The Knapps

2005 The Diversion Club

Tull, John

2000 Charles Stanhope and His Microlens

2002 Dating of Spectacles by Daguerreotypes

Van de Velde, Frans J.

2017  The Legacy of Dr. Charles L. Schepens at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Vekerdy, Lilla

2010 Classics of Ophthalmology and Optics in Two Famous Rare Book Collections

2012 Georg Bartisch and His “Augendienst

Vogel, Wolfgang H.

2010 Christoph Scheiner – Jesuit Priest and Natural Philosopher

von Graefe, Hanns-Albrecht

2015 "Thoughts regarding my Great Grandfather": Albrecht von Graefe

Welch, Robert

1996 Samuel Theobold, M.D.: Pre Wilmer Ophthalmology at the Johns Hopkins Hospital

1999 Julian John Chisolm, M.D.: Confederate Surgeon, Teacher, and Ophthalmologist

2003 The Artistry of Annette Smith Burgess, Max Brodel’s Student and William Holland Wilmer’s

    Illustrator: An Ophthalmological Gem

Wilkinson, Charles P. (Pat)

 2018 Was Hypophysectomy a Useful Therapy for Advanced Diabetic Retinopathy? P*

Williams, David L.

2010 Casey Wood – Ophthalmological and Ornithological Polymath

2010 A Brief History of Comparative Ophthalmology

Williams, David - Special Guest Speaker

2011 A Brief History of Comparative Ophthalmology

2011 Casey Wood - Ophthalmological and Ornithological Polymath

Winstanley, John

2000 Dr. Williams Briggs, M.D. 1650-1704

Winter, Frank (deceased)

1988 The History of Ophthalmology in Sub-Saharan Africa

1989 “It’s A Small World”

1991 Ophthalmology in Botswana

1992 Ophthalmology in Ghana

Yu, Soojie

2005 Arnold Sorsby, MD -- 20th Century Clinician-Scientist (with Sayoko E. Moroi) P*

Zbigniew, Zagorski

2011 Tadeusz Krwawicz and the Discovery of Cryoextraction of Cataract

Zhao, Jialiang

2013 The Establishment of the Ophthalmology Museum of China

Zimmerman, Lorenz (deceased)

1994 William Thompson and J.J. Woodward

1997 Memorial to Frederick C. Blodi

Titles marked with a P* are available in the Proceedings volume for the year of presentation.  Contact Jenny Benjamin, at the Museum of Vision ( for further information.

Papers noted as being “Published as…” may not be identical to the Cogan Society presentation or the content in the Proceedings volumes.

Page last updated March 12, 2019.